Apache HTTP Server Version 2.2
|Description:||User authentication using MD5 Digest Authentication.|
Using MD5 Digest authentication is very simple. Simply set
up authentication normally, using
AuthType Digest and
instead of the normal
AuthType Basic and
Then add a
AuthDigestDomain directive containing at least the root
URI(s) for this protection space.
Appropriate user (text) files can be created using the
AuthName "private area"
AuthDigestDomain /private/ http://mirror.my.dom/private2/
Digest authentication is more secure than Basic authentication, but only works with supporting browsers. As of September 2004, major browsers that support digest authentication include Amaya, Konqueror, MS Internet Explorer for Mac OS X and Windows (although the Windows version fails when used with a query string -- see "Working with MS Internet Explorer" below for a workaround), Mozilla, Netscape 7, Opera, and Safari. lynx does not support digest authentication. Since digest authentication is not as widely implemented as basic authentication, you should use it only in environments where all users will have supporting browsers.
The Digest authentication implementation in previous Internet
Explorer for Windows versions (5 and 6) had issues, namely that
GET requests with a query string were not RFC compliant.
There are a few ways to work around this issue.
The first way is to use
POST requests instead of
GET requests to pass data to your program. This method
is the simplest approach if your application can work with this
Since version 2.0.51 Apache also provides a workaround in the
AuthDigestEnableQueryStringHack environment variable.
AuthDigestEnableQueryStringHack is set for the
request, Apache will take steps to work around the MSIE bug and
remove the query string from the digest comparison. Using this
method would look similar to the following.
BrowserMatch "MSIE" AuthDigestEnableQueryStringHack=On
This workaround is not necessary for MSIE 7, though enabling it does not cause any compatibility issues or significant overhead.
directive for more details on conditionally setting environment
|Description:||Selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hashes in digest authentication|
selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response
MD5-sessis not correctly implemented yet.
|Description:||URIs that are in the same protection space for digest authentication|
AuthDigestDomain directive allows
you to specify one or more URIs which are in the same protection
space (i.e. use the same realm and username/password info).
The specified URIs are prefixes; the client will assume
that all URIs "below" these are also protected by the same
username/password. The URIs may be either absolute URIs (i.e.
including a scheme, host, port, etc.) or relative URIs.
This directive should always be specified and
contain at least the (set of) root URI(s) for this space.
Omitting to do so will cause the client to send the
Authorization header for every request sent to this
server. Apart from increasing the size of the request, it may
also have a detrimental effect on performance if
AuthDigestNcCheck is on.
The URIs specified can also point to different servers, in which case clients (which understand this) will then share username/password info across multiple servers without prompting the user each time.
|Description:||Enables or disables checking of the nonce-count sent by the server|
|Description:||Determines how the nonce is generated|
|Description:||How long the server nonce is valid|
controls how long the server nonce is valid. When the client
contacts the server using an expired nonce the server will send
back a 401 with
stale=true. If seconds is
greater than 0 then it specifies the amount of time for which the
nonce is valid; this should probably never be set to less than 10
seconds. If seconds is less than 0 then the nonce never
|Description:||Sets the authentication provider(s) for this location|
AuthDigestProvider directive sets
which provider is used to authenticate the users for this location.
file provider is implemented
mod_authn_file module. Make sure
that the chosen provider module is present in the server.
|Description:||Determines the quality-of-protection to use in digest authentication|
AuthDigestQop directive determines
the quality-of-protection to use.
only do authentication (username/password);
authentication plus integrity checking (an MD5 hash of the entity
is also computed and checked);
none will cause the module
to use the old RFC-2069 digest algorithm (which does not include
integrity checking). Both
be specified, in which the case the browser will choose which of
these to use.
none should only be used if the browser for
some reason does not like the challenge it receives otherwise.
auth-intis not implemented yet.
|Description:||The amount of shared memory to allocate for keeping track of clients|
AuthDigestShmemSize directive defines
the amount of shared memory, that will be allocated at the server
startup for keeping track of clients. Note that the shared memory
segment cannot be set less than the space that is necessary for
tracking at least one client. This value is dependant on your
system. If you want to find out the exact value, you may simply
AuthDigestShmemSize to the value of
0 and read the error message after trying to start the
The size is normally expressed in Bytes, but you
may let the number follow a
K or an
express your value as KBytes or MBytes. For example, the following
directives are all equivalent: