Apache HTTP Server Version 2.2
apachectl is a front end to the Apache HyperText
Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server. It is designed to help the
administrator control the functioning of the Apache
apachectl script can operate in two modes.
First, it can act as a simple front-end to the
command that simply sets any necessary environment variables and
httpd, passing through any command line
apachectl can act as a SysV init
script, taking simple one-word arguments like
stop, and translating them
into appropriate signals to
If your Apache installation uses non-standard paths, you will
need to edit the
apachectl script to set the
appropriate paths to the
httpd binary. You can also
specify any necessary
httpd command line arguments.
See the comments in the script for details.
apachectl script returns a 0 exit value on
success, and >0 if an error occurs. For more details, view
the comments in the script.
When acting in pass-through mode,
apachectl can take
all the arguments available for the
apachectl [ httpd-argument ]
When acting in SysV init mode,
apachectl takes simple,
one-word commands, defined below.
Only the SysV init-style options are defined here. Other arguments
are defined on the
httpd manual page.
httpddaemon. Gives an error if it is already running. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k start.
httpddaemon. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k stop.
httpddaemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in
configtestbefore initiating the restart to make sure the daemon doesn't die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k restart.
mod_status. For this to work, you need to have
mod_statusenabled on your server and a text-based browser such as
lynxavailable on your system. The URL used to access the status report can be set by editing the
STATUSURLvariable in the script.
fullstatusoption, except that the list of requests currently being served is omitted.
httpddaemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This differs from a normal restart in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately. This means that if used in a log rotation script, a substantial delay may be necessary to ensure that the old log files are closed before processing them. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in
configtestbefore initiating the restart to make sure Apache doesn't die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k graceful.
httpddaemon. This differs from a normal stop in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k graceful-stop.
Syntax Okor detailed information about the particular syntax error. This is equivalent to
The following option was available in earlier versions but has been removed.
httpdwith SSL support, you should edit your configuration file to include the relevant directives and then use the normal