Provider Support for Bookmarks

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The example in this topic adds the IRowsetLocate interface to the CMyProviderRowset class. In almost all cases, you start by adding an interface to an existing COM object. You can then test it by adding more calls from the consumer templates. The example demonstrates how to:

  • Add an interface to a provider.

  • Dynamically determine the columns to return to the consumer.

  • Add bookmark support.

The IRowsetLocate interface inherits from the IRowset interface. To add the IRowsetLocate interface, inherit CMyProviderRowset from IRowsetLocateImpl.

Adding the IRowsetLocate interface is a bit different from most interfaces. To make the VTABLEs line up, the OLE DB provider templates have a template parameter to handle the derived interface. The following code shows the new inheritance list:

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// MyProviderRS.h

// CMyProviderRowset
class CMyProviderRowset : public CRowsetImpl< CMyProviderRowset, 
      CTextData, CMyProviderCommand, CAtlArray<CTextData>, 
      CSimpleRow, 
          IRowsetLocateImpl<CMyProviderRowset, IRowsetLocate> >

The fourth, fifth, and sixth parameters are all added. This example uses the defaults for the fourth and fifth parameters but specify IRowsetLocateImpl as the sixth parameter. IRowsetLocateImpl is an OLE DB template class that takes two template parameters: these hook up the IRowsetLocate interface to the CMyProviderRowset class. To add most interfaces, you can skip this step and move to the next one. Only the IRowsetLocate and IRowsetScroll interfaces need to be handled in this way.

You then need to tell the CMyProviderRowset to call QueryInterface for the IRowsetLocate interface. Add the line COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY(IRowsetLocate) to the map. The interface map for CMyProviderRowset should appear as shown in the following code:

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// MyProviderRS.h

typedef CRowsetImpl< CMyProviderRowset, CTextData, CMyProviderCommand, CAtlArray<CTextData>, CSimpleRow, IRowsetLocateImpl<CMyProviderRowset, IRowsetLocate> > _RowsetBaseClass;

BEGIN_COM_MAP(CMyProviderRowset)
   COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY(IRowsetLocate)
   COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY_CHAIN(_RowsetBaseClass)
END_COM_MAP()

You also need to hook your map into the CRowsetImpl class. Add in the COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY_CHAIN macro to hook in the CRowsetImpl map. Also, create a typedef called RowsetBaseClass that consists of the inheritance information. This typedef is arbitrary and can be ignored.

Finally, handle the IColumnsInfo::GetColumnsInfo call. You would normally use the PROVIDER_COLUMN_ENTRY macros to do this. However, a consumer might want to use bookmarks. You must be able to change the columns the provider returns depending on whether the consumer asks for a bookmark.

To handle the IColumnsInfo::GetColumnsInfo call, delete the PROVIDER_COLUMN map in the CTextData class. The PROVIDER_COLUMN_MAP macro defines a function GetColumnInfo. You need to define your own GetColumnInfo function. The function declaration should look like this:

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// MyProviderRS.H

class CTextData
{
   ...
     // NOTE: Be sure you removed the PROVIDER_COLUMN_MAP!
   static ATLCOLUMNINFO* GetColumnInfo(CMyProviderRowset* pThis, 
        ULONG* pcCols);
   static ATLCOLUMNINFO* GetColumnInfo(CMyProviderCommand* pThis, 
        ULONG* pcCols);
...
};

Then, implement the GetColumnInfo function in the MyProviderRS.cpp file as follows:

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// MyProviderRS.cpp

template <class TInterface>
ATLCOLUMNINFO* CommonGetColInfo(IUnknown* pPropsUnk, ULONG* pcCols)
{
   static ATLCOLUMNINFO _rgColumns[5];
   ULONG ulCols = 0;

   CComQIPtr<TInterface> spProps = pPropsUnk;

   CDBPropIDSet set(DBPROPSET_ROWSET);
   set.AddPropertyID(DBPROP_BOOKMARKS);
   DBPROPSET* pPropSet = NULL;
   ULONG ulPropSet = 0;
   HRESULT hr;

   if (spProps)
      hr = spProps->GetProperties(1, &set, &ulPropSet, &pPropSet);

   // Check the property flag for bookmarks, if it is set, set the 
// zero ordinal entry in the column map with the bookmark 
// information.

   if (pPropSet)
   {
      CComVariant var = pPropSet->rgProperties[0].vValue;
      CoTaskMemFree(pPropSet->rgProperties);
      CoTaskMemFree(pPropSet);

      if ((SUCCEEDED(hr) && (var.boolVal == VARIANT_TRUE)))
      {
         ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY_EX(ulCols, OLESTR("Bookmark"), 0, 
                     sizeof(DWORD), DBTYPE_BYTES,
            0, 0, GUID_NULL, CAgentMan, dwBookmark,       
                        DBCOLUMNFLAGS_ISBOOKMARK)
         ulCols++;
      }

   }


   // Next set the other columns up.
   ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY_EX(ulCols, OLESTR("Field1"), 1, 16, DBTYPE_STR, 
          0xFF, 0xFF, GUID_NULL, CTextData, szField1)
   ulCols++;
   ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY_EX(ulCols, OLESTR("Field2"), 2, 16, DBTYPE_STR,
       0xFF, 0xFF, GUID_NULL, CTextData, szField2)
   ulCols++;

   if (pcCols != NULL)
      *pcCols = ulCols;

   return _rgColumns;
}


ATLCOLUMNINFO* CTextData::GetColumnInfo(CMyProviderCommand* pThis, 
     ULONG* pcCols)
{
   return CommonGetColInfo<ICommandProperties>(pThis->GetUnknown(),
        pcCols);
}


ATLCOLUMNINFO* CAgentMan::GetColumnInfo(RUpdateRowset* pThis, ULONG* pcCols)
{
   return CommonGetColInfo<IRowsetInfo>(pThis->GetUnknown(), pcCols);
}

GetColumnInfo first checks to see whether a property called DBPROP_IRowsetLocate is set. OLE DB has properties for each of the optional interfaces off the rowset object. If the consumer wants to use one of these optional interfaces, it sets a property to true. The provider can then check this property and take special action based on it.

In your implementation, you get the property by using the pointer to the command object. The pThis pointer represents the rowset or command class. Because you use templates here, you have to pass this in as a void pointer or the code does not compile.

Specify a static array to contain the column information. If the consumer does not want the bookmark column, an entry in the array is wasted. You can dynamically allocate this array, but you would need to make sure to destroy it properly. This example defines and uses the macros ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY and ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY_EX to insert the information into the array. You can add the macros to the MyProviderRS.H file as shown in the following code:

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// MyProviderRS.h

#define ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY(ulCols, name, ordinal, colSize, type, precision, scale, guid, dataClass, member) \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].pwszName = (LPOLESTR)name; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].pTypeInfo = (ITypeInfo*)NULL; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].iOrdinal = (ULONG)ordinal; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].dwFlags = 0; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].ulColumnSize = (ULONG)colSize; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].wType = (DBTYPE)type; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].bPrecision = (BYTE)precision; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].bScale = (BYTE)scale; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].cbOffset = offsetof(dataClass, member);

#define ADD_COLUMN_ENTRY_EX(ulCols, name, ordinal, colSize, type, precision, scale, guid, dataClass, member, flags) \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].pwszName = (LPOLESTR)name; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].pTypeInfo = (ITypeInfo*)NULL; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].iOrdinal = (ULONG)ordinal; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].dwFlags = flags; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].ulColumnSize = (ULONG)colSize; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].wType = (DBTYPE)type; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].bPrecision = (BYTE)precision; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].bScale = (BYTE)scale; \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].cbOffset = offsetof(dataClass, member); \
   memset(&(_rgColumns[ulCols].columnid), 0, sizeof(DBID)); \
   _rgColumns[ulCols].columnid.uName.pwszName = (LPOLESTR)name;

To test the code in the consumer, you need to make a few changes to the OnRun handler. The first change to the function is that you add code to add a property to the property set. The code sets the DBPROP_IRowsetLocate property to true, thus telling the provider that you want the bookmark column. The OnRun handler code should appear as follows:

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//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// TestProv Consumer Application in TestProvDlg.cpp

void CTestProvDlg::OnRun() 
{
   CCommand<CAccessor<CProvider> > table;
   CDataSource source;
   CSession   session;

   if (source.Open("MyProvider.MyProvider.1", NULL, NULL, NULL, 
          NULL) != S_OK)
      return;

   if (session.Open(source) != S_OK)
      return;

   CDBPropSet propset(DBPROPSET_ROWSET);
   propset.AddProperty(DBPROP_IRowsetLocate, true);
   if (table.Open(session, _T("c:\\public\\testprf2\\myData.txt"), 
          &propset) != S_OK)
      return;

   CBookmark<4> tempBookmark;
   ULONG ulCount=0;
   while (table.MoveNext() == S_OK)
   {

      DBCOMPARE compare;
      if (ulCount == 2)
         tempBookmark = table.bookmark;
      HRESULT hr = table.Compare(table.dwBookmark, table.dwBookmark,
                 &compare);
      if (FAILED(hr))
         ATLTRACE(_T("Compare failed: 0x%X\n"), hr);
      else
         _ASSERTE(compare == DBCOMPARE_EQ);

      m_ctlString1.AddString(table.szField1);
      m_ctlString2.AddString(table.szField2);
      ulCount++;
   }

   table.MoveToBookmark(tempBookmark);
   m_ctlString1.AddString(table.szField1);
   m_ctlString2.AddString(table.szField2);
}

The while loop contains code to call the Compare method in the IRowsetLocate interface. The code you have should always pass because you are comparing the exact same bookmarks. Also, store one bookmark in a temporary variable so that you can use it after the while loop finishes to call the MoveToBookmark function in the consumer templates. The MoveToBookmark function calls the GetRowsAt method in IRowsetLocate.

You also need to update the user record in the consumer. Add an entry in the class to handle a bookmark and an entry in the COLUMN_MAP:

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///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// TestProvDlg.cpp

class CProvider
{
// Attributes
public:
   CBookmark<4>    bookmark;  // Add this line
   char   szCommand[16];
   char   szText[256];

   // Binding Maps
BEGIN_ACCESSOR_MAP(CProvider, 1)
   BEGIN_ACCESSOR(0, true)   // auto accessor
      BOOKMARK_ENTRY(bookmark)  // Add this line
      COLUMN_ENTRY(1, szField1)
      COLUMN_ENTRY(2, szField2)
   END_ACCESSOR()
END_ACCESSOR_MAP()
};

When you have updated the code, you should be able to build and execute the provider with the IRowsetLocate interface.

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