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This topic explains the code that the MFC Application Wizard and Add Class (as described in Adding an MFC ODBC Consumer) write to support RFX and how you might want to alter that code.


This topic applies to classes derived from CRecordset in which bulk row fetching has not been implemented. If you are using bulk row fetching, bulk record field exchange (Bulk RFX) is implemented. Bulk RFX is similar to RFX. To understand the differences, see Recordset: Fetching Records in Bulk (ODBC).

When you create a recordset class with the MFC Application Wizard or Add Class, the wizard writes the following RFX-related elements for you, based on the data source, table, and column choices you make in the wizard:

Field Data Member Declarations

The wizards write a recordset class declaration in an .h file that resembles the following for class CSections:

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class CSections : public CRecordset
   CSections(CDatabase* pDatabase = NULL);

// Field/Param Data
   CString   m_strCourseID;
   CString   m_strInstructorID;
   CString   m_strRoomNo;
   CString   m_strSchedule;
   CString   m_strSectionNo;

// Overrides
   // Wizard generated virtual function overrides
   virtual CString GetDefaultConnect();  // Default connection string
   virtual CString GetDefaultSQL();      // Default SQL for Recordset
   virtual void DoFieldExchange(CFieldExchange* pFX);  // RFX support

// Implementation
#ifdef _DEBUG
   virtual void AssertValid() const;
   virtual void Dump(CDumpContext& dc) const;


If you add parameter data members or new field data members that you bind yourself, add them after the wizard-generated ones.

Also, notice that the wizard overrides the DoFieldExchange member function of class CRecordset.

DoFieldExchange Override

DoFieldExchange is the heart of RFX. The framework calls DoFieldExchange any time it needs to move data either from data source to recordset or from recordset to data source. DoFieldExchange also supports obtaining information about field data members through the IsFieldDirty and IsFieldNull member functions.

The following DoFieldExchange override is for the CSections class. The wizard writes the function in the .cpp file for your recordset class.

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void CSections::DoFieldExchange(CFieldExchange* pFX)
   RFX_Text(pFX, "CourseID", m_strCourseID);
   RFX_Text(pFX, "InstructorID", m_strInstructorID);
   RFX_Text(pFX, "RoomNo", m_strRoomNo);
   RFX_Text(pFX, "Schedule", m_strSchedule);
   RFX_Text(pFX, "SectionNo", m_strSectionNo);

Notice the following key features of the function:

  • This section of the function is called the field map.

  • A call to CFieldExchange::SetFieldType, through the pFX pointer. This call specifies that all RFX function calls up to the end of DoFieldExchange or the next call to SetFieldType are output columns. For more information, see CFieldExchange::SetFieldType.

  • Several calls to the RFX_Text global function — one per field data member (all of which are CString variables in the example). These calls specify the relationship between a column name on the data source and a field data member. The RFX functions do the actual data transfer. The class library supplies RFX functions for all the common data types. For more information about RFX functions, see Record Field Exchange: Using the RFX Functions.


    The order of the columns in your result set must match the order of the RFX function calls in DoFieldExchange.

  • The pFX pointer to a CFieldExchange object that the framework passes when it calls DoFieldExchange. The CFieldExchange object specifies the operation that DoFieldExchange is to perform, the direction of transfer, and other context information.

Recordset Constructor

The recordset constructor that the wizards write contains two things related to RFX:

  • An initialization for each field data member

  • An initialization for the m_nFields data member, which contains the number of field data members

The constructor for the CSections recordset example looks like this:

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CSections::CSections(CDatabase* pdb)
   : CRecordset(pdb)
   m_strCourseID = "";
   m_strInstructorID = "";
   m_strRoomNo = "";
   m_strSchedule = "";
   m_strSectionNo = "";
   m_nFields = 5;

If you add any field data members manually, as you might if you bind new columns dynamically, you must increment m_nFields. Do so by appending another line of code, such as:

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m_nFields += 3;

This is the code for adding three new fields. If you add any parameter data members, you must initialize the m_nParams data member, which contains the number of parameter data members. Put the m_nParams initialization outside the brackets.

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