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View processing is not optimized:
It is not possible to create an index on a view.
Indexes can be used for views processed using the merge algorithm. However, a view that is processed with the temptable algorithm is unable to take advantage of indexes on its underlying tables (although indexes can be used during generation of the temporary tables).
Subqueries cannot be used in the
FROM clause of
a view. This limitation will be lifted in the future.
There is a general principle that you cannot modify a table and select from the same table in a subquery. See Section F.3, “Restrictions on Subqueries”.
The same principle also applies if you select from a view that selects from the table, if the view selects from the table in a subquery and the view is evaluated using the merge algorithm. Example:
CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM t1 WHERE t1.a = t2.a); UPDATE t1, v2 SET t1.a = 1 WHERE t1.b = v2.b;
If the view is evaluated using a temporary table, you
can select from the table in the view
subquery and still modify that table in the outer query. In this
case the view will be stored in a temporary table and thus you are
not really selecting from the table in a subquery and modifying it
“at the same time.” (This is another reason you might
wish to force MySQL to use the temptable algorithm by specifying
ALGORITHM = TEMPTABLE in the view definition.)
You can use
DROP TABLE or
TABLE to drop or alter a table that is used in a view
definition (which invalidates the view) and no warning results
from the drop or alter operation. An error occurs later when the
view is used.
A view definition is “frozen” by certain statements:
If a statement prepared by
to a view, the view contents seen each time the statement is
executed later will be the contents of the view at the time it
was prepared. This is true even if the view definition is
changed after the statement is prepared and before it is
CREATE VIEW v AS SELECT 1; PREPARE s FROM 'SELECT * FROM v'; ALTER VIEW v AS SELECT 2; EXECUTE s;
The result returned by the
statement is 1, not 2.
If a statement in a stored routine refers to a view, the view contents seen by the statement are its contents the first time that statement is executed. For example, this means that if the statement is executed in a loop, further iterations of the statement see the same view contents, even if the view definition is changed later in the loop. Example:
CREATE VIEW v AS SELECT 1; delimiter // CREATE PROCEDURE p () BEGIN DECLARE i INT DEFAULT 0; WHILE i < 5 DO SELECT * FROM v; SET i = i + 1; ALTER VIEW v AS SELECT 2; END WHILE; END; // delimiter ; CALL p();
When the procedure
p() is called, the
SELECT returns 1 each time through the
loop, even though the view definition is changed within the
With regard to view updatability, the overall goal for views is
that if any view is theoretically updatable, it should be
updatable in practice. This includes views that have
UNION in their definition. Currently, not all
views that are theoretically updatable can be updated. The initial
view implementation was deliberately written this way to get
usable, updatable views into MySQL as quickly as possible. Many
theoretically updatable views can be updated now, but limitations
Updatable views with subqueries anywhere other than in the
WHERE clause. Some views that have
subqueries in the
SELECT list may be
You cannot use
UPDATE to update more than
one underlying table of a view that is defined as a join.
You cannot use
DELETE to update a view that
is defined as a join.
There exists a shortcoming with the current implementation of
views. If a user is granted the basic privileges necessary to
create a view (the
CREATE VIEW and
SELECT privileges), that user will be unable to
SHOW CREATE VIEW on that object unless the
user is also granted the
SHOW VIEW privilege.
That shortcoming can lead to problems backing up a database with mysqldump, which may fail due to insufficient privileges. This problem is described in Bug#22062.
The workaround to the problem is for the administrator to manually
SHOW VIEW privilege to users who are
CREATE VIEW, since MySQL doesn't grant
it implicitly when views are created.
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