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Update Database

Update Database -- Updating a database against a new schema

Update Database

Having MDB2_Schema to update your database, when its schema changes is also really easy. You can use the getDefinitionFromDatabase() method to determine the current database schema, and then just use updateDatabase() to do the actual update. However, you have to make sure, that getDefinitionFromDatabase() returns what you expect before you rely on it. See the respective chapter for more info.

require_once 'MDB2/Schema.php';

$options = array(
    'log_line_break' => '<br>',
    'idxname_format' => '%s',
    'debug' => true,
    'quote_identifier' => true,
    'force_defaults' => false,
    'portability' => false
$dsn = 'mysql://root:@localhost/MDB2Example';

$schema =& MDB2_Schema::factory($dsn, $options);

if (PEAR::isError($schema)) {
    $error = $schema->getMessage();
} else {
    // first run with queries disabled to make sure everything is allright
    $disable_query = true;

    $previous_schema = $schema->getDefinitionFromDatabase();
    $op = $schema->updateDatabase('schema.xml', $previous_schema, array(), $disable_query);

    if (PEAR::isError($op)) {
        $error = $op->getMessage();

if (isset($error)) {


The method accepts both, a filename or a definition array, as the first two parameters. Note how we mixed them in the example above. You may want to backup the current schema using dumpDatabase() for the case something goes wrong.

When updating database schemas we can run into data persistence issues. This can be addressed with data manipulation ability, that will be documented later in this manual.

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