DNS (domain name system)—
A system for naming resources on TCP/IP networks.
A name assigned to a hierarchical partition of the DNS namespace.
FQDN (fully qualified domain names)—
The name generated by concatenating a hostname with a domain name.
A single name used to identify a computer (host).
A file that associates IP addresses to NetBIOS names.
An entry added to zone files. There are a number of resource record types, and each type has a specific purpose.
WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service)—
A WINS server is a Microsoft implementation of a NetBIOS name server.
The configuration files used by DNS servers. These text files are used to configure DNS servers.