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Key Terms

Review the following list of key terms:

  • body— The section of the HTML document that contains the text that will actually appear in the browser window. The body section is enclosed between the <BODY> and </BODY> tags.

  • browser— An HTTP client application. Most modern browsers can also process other protocols, such as FTP.

  • Cascading Style Sheet— A file that describes how to interpret and display XML data in a Web context.

  • CGI (common gateway interface)— A programming interface that lets a designer integrate scripts and programs with a Web page.

  • head— The beginning section of an HTML document containing the title of the document and other optional parameters. The head section is enclosed between the <HEAD> and </HEAD> tags.

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)— A markup language used for building Web pages. HTML consists of text and special codes describing formatting, links, and graphics.

  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)— The protocol used to transmit HTML content between the server and client.

  • hypertext link— A highlighted portion of a Web page. When the user clicks on the link, the browser goes to an alternative document or location specified as a URL in the link definition.

  • peer-to-peer (P2P)— Originally a decentralized LAN configuration in which every computer acts as both a client and a server. The term now applies to Internet communities in which participating PCs form a direct connection based on information provided by a central server.

  • scheme— The protocol portion of a URL.

  • tag— An HTML instruction.

  • uniform resource locator (URL)— A character string in a standard format describing a resource and a protocol to use for accessing that resource. URLs are used to identify resources on the World Wide Web.

  • (XML) Extensible Markup Language— A markup language that allows users to create new tags. XML is a powerful tool for passing data between applications.

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