Home | Top | Website design | JavaScript Editor JavaScript EditorGet Advanced
JavaScript and Ajax Editor,
Validator and Debugger!

1st JavaScript Editor.

z-index Attribute | zIndex Property

Sets or retrieves the stacking order of positioned object s.


HTML Scripting
{ z-index : vOrder }
object.style.zIndex [ = vOrder ]

Possible Values

vOrder Variant that specifies or receives one of the following values.
auto Default. String that specifies the stacking order of the positioned objects based on the order in which the objects appear in the HTML source.
order Integer that specifies the position of the object in the stacking order.

The property is read/write for all objects except the following, for which it is read-only: currentStyle . The property has a default value of auto . The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) attribute is not inherited.

Expressions can be used in place of the preceding value(s), as of Microsoft® Internet Explorer 5. For more information, see About Dynamic Properties .


Positive z-index values are positioned above a negative (or lesser value) z-index . Two objects with the same z-index are stacked according to source order. A positive value positions the element above text that has no defined z-index , and a negative value positions it below. Set this parameter to null to remove the attribute.

The zIndex property only applies to objects that have the position property set to relative or absolute .

The property does not apply to windowed controls, such as select objects.

As of Microsoft® Internet Explorer 5.5, the iframe object is windowless and supports the zIndex property. In earlier versions of Internet Explorer, the iframe object is windowed and, like all windowed controls, ignores the zIndex property. If you maintain Web pages that were designed for earlier versions of Internet Explorer that do not support the zIndex property, you might want to redesign the pages, especially if the pages contain iframe objects that are stacked on top of windowed controls, such as select objects. You can use the visibility attribute to hide windowed controls that you want an iframe object to overlap. You can also position windowed controls so that iframe objects do not overlap them.

Input from pointing devices, such as the mouse, does not penetrate through overlapping elements even if the elements are not visible. This is also true for positioned elements with a negative z-index unless:


The following examples use the z-index attribute and the zIndex property to change the stacking order of objects.

This example uses an inline style sheet to set the stacking order.

<IMG SRC="cone.jpg" STYLE="position:absolute; top:100px; left:100px; z-index :4">
<DIV STYLE="position:absolute; top:100; left:100; color:red; background-color:beige; font-weight:bold; z-index :1"> . . . </DIV>

This example uses inline scripting to set the stacking order.

<IMG ID="cone" SRC="cone.jpeg" STYLE="position:absolute;top:10px;left:10px;" onclick="cone.style. zIndex =1; sphere.style. zIndex =2">
<IMG ID="sphere" SRC="sphere.jpg" STYLE="position:absolute;top:1px;left:1px;" onclick="cone.style. zIndex =2; sphere.style. zIndex =1">

Standards Information

This property is defined in Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), Level 2 (CSS2) .

Applies To

Platform Version
Win16: 4.0
Win32: 4.0
Windows CE: 4.0
Unix: 4.0
Mac: 4.0
A , ADDRESS , APPLET , B , BIG , BLOCKQUOTE , BUTTON , CAPTION , CENTER , CITE , CODE , COL , COLGROUP , currentStyle , CUSTOM , DD , defaults , DFN , DIR , DIV , DL , DT , EM , FIELDSET , FORM , I , IFRAME , INPUT type=button , INPUT type=checkbox , INPUT type=file , INPUT type=image , INPUT type=password , INPUT type=radio , INPUT type=reset , INPUT type=submit , INPUT type=text , ISINDEX , KBD , LABEL , LEGEND , LI , LISTING , MARQUEE , MENU , OL , P , PLAINTEXT , PRE , runtimeStyle , S , SAMP , SMALL , SPAN , STRIKE , STRONG , style , SUB , SUP , TABLE , TBODY , TD , TEXTAREA , TFOOT , TH , THEAD , TR , TT , U , UL , VAR , XMP
Home | Top | Website design | JavaScript Editor JavaScript EditorGet Advanced
JavaScript and Ajax Editor,
Validator and Debugger!

1st JavaScript Editor.