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23.5. MySQL Connector/MXJ

MySQL Connector/MXJ is a solution for deploying the MySQL database engine (mysqld) intelligently from within a Java package.

23.5.1. Introduction to Connector/MXJ

MySQL Connector/MXJ is a Java Utility package for deploying and managing a MySQL database. Deploying and using MySQL can be as easy as adding an additional parameter to the JDBC connection url, which will result in the database being started when the first connection is made. This makes it easy for Java developers to deploy applications which require a database by reducing installation barriers for their end-users.

MySQL Connector/MXJ makes the MySQL database appear to be a java-based component. It does this by determining what platform the system is running on, selecting the appropriate binary, and launching the executable. It will also optionally deploy an initial database, with any specified parameters.

Included are instructions for use with a JDBC driver and deploying as a JMX MBean to JBoss.

You can download sources and binaries from: http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/connector/mxj/

This a beta release and feedback is welcome and encouraged.

Please send questions or comments to the MySQL and Java mailing list.

23.5.1.1. Connector/MXJ Versions

Connector/MX

  • Connector/MXJ 5.x, currently in beta status, includes mysqld version 5.x and includes binaries for Linux x86, Mac OS X PPC, Windows XP/NT/2000 x86 and Solaris SPARC. Connector/MXJ 5.x requires the Connector/J 5.x package.

    The exact version of mysqld included depends on the version of Connector/MXJ

    1. Connector/MXJ v5.0.3 included MySQL v5.0.22

    2. Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 includes MySQL v5.0.27 (Community) or MySQL v5.0.32 (Enterprise)

    3. Connector/MXJ v5.0.6 includes MySQL 5.0.37 (Community)

  • Connector/MXJ 1.x includes mysqld version 4.1.13 and includes binaries for Linux x86, Windows XP/NT/2000 x86 and Solaris SPARC. Connector/MXJ 1.x requires the Connector/J 3.x package.

A summary of the different MySQL versions supplied with each Connector/MXJ release are shown in the table.

Connector/MXJ VersionMySQL Version(s)  
5.0.65.0.37 (CS), 5.0.40 (ES)  
5.0.55.0.37 (CS), 5.0.36 (ES)  
5.0.45.0.27 (CS), 5.0.32 (ES)  
5.0.35.0.22  
5.0.25.0.19  

This guide provides information on the Connector/MXJ 5.x release. For information on using the older releases, please see the documentation included with the appropriate distribution.

23.5.1.2. Connector/MXJ Overview

Connector/MXJ consists of a Java class, a copy of the mysqld binary for a specific list of platforms, and associated files and support utilities. The Java class controls the initialization of an instance of the embedded mysqld binary, and the ongoing management of the mysqld process. The entire sequence and management can be controlled entirely from within Java using the Connector/MXJ Java classes. You can see an overview of the contents of the Connector/MXJ package in the figure below.

Connector/MXJ Overview

It is important to note that Connector/MXJ is not an embedded version of MySQL, or a version of MySQL written as part of a Java class. Connector/MXJ works through the use of an embedded, compiled binary of mysqld as would normally be used when deploying a standard MySQL installation.

It is the Connector/MXJ wrapper, support classes and tools, that enable Connector/MXJ to appear as a MySQL instance.

When Connector/MXJ is initialized, the corresponding mysqld binary for the current platform is extracted, along with a pre-configured data directed. Both are contained within the Connector/MXJ JAR file. The mysqld instance is then started, with any additional options as specified during the initialization, and the MySQL database becomes accessible.

Because Connector/MXJ works in combination with Connector/J, you can access and integrate with the MySQL instance through a JDBC connection. When you have finished with the server, the instance is terminated, and, by default, any data created during the session is retained within the temporary directory created when the instance was started.

Connector/MXJ and the embedded mysqld instance can be deployed in a number of environments where relying on an existing database, or installing a MySQL instance would be impossible, including CD-ROM embedded database applications and temporary database requirements within a Java-based application environment.

23.5.2. Connector/MXJ Installation

Connector/MXJ does not have a installation application or process, but there are some steps you can follow to make the installation and deployment of Connector/MXJ easier.

Before you start, there are some baseline requirements for

  • Java Runtime Environment (v1.4.0 or newer) if you are only going to deploy the package.

  • Java Development Kit (v1.4.0 or newer) if you want to build Connector/MXJ from source.

  • Connector/J 5.0 or newer.

Depending on your target installation/deployment environment you may also require:

23.5.2.1. Supported Platforms

Connector/MXJ is compatible with any platform supporting Java and MySQL. By default, Connector/MXJ incorporates the mysqld binary for a select number of platforms, as outlined below.

  • Linux, i386

  • Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, x86

  • Solaris 8, SPARC 32 (compatible with Solaris 8, Solaris 9 and Solaris 10 on SPARC 32-bit and 64-bit platforms)

  • Mac OS X, PowerPC

For more information on packaging your own Connector/MXJ with the platforms you require, see Section 23.5.5.1, “Creating your own Connector/MXJ Package”

23.5.2.2. Connector/MXJ Base Installation

Because there is no formal installation process, the method, installation directory, and access methods you use for Connector/MXJ are entirely up to your individual requirements.

To perform a basic installation, choose a target directory for the files included in the Connector/MXJ package. On Unix/Linux systems you may opt to use a directory such as /usr/local/connector-mxj; On Windows, you may want to install the files in the base directory, C:\Connector-MXJ, or within the Program Files directory.

To install the files, for a Connector/MXJ 5.0.4 installation:

  1. Download the Connector/MXJ package, either in Tar/Gzip format (ideal for Unix/Linux systems) or Zip format (Windows).

  2. Extract the files from the package. This will create a directory connector-mxj. Copy and optionally rename this directory to your desired location.

  3. For best results, you should update your global CLASSPATH variable with the location of the required jar files.

    Within Unix/Linux you can do this globally by editing the global shell profile, or on a user by user basis by editing their individual shell profile.

    On Windows 2000, Windows NT and Windows XP, you can edit the global CLASSPATH by editing the Environment Variables configured through the System control panel.

For Connector/MXJ 5.0.4 and later you need the following JAR files in your CLASSPATH

  1. connector-mxj.jar — contains the main Connector/MXJ classes.

  2. connector-mxj-db-files.jar — contains the embedded mysqld and database files.

  3. aspectjrt.jar — the AspectJ runtime library, located in lib/aspectjrt.jar in the Connector/MXJ package.

  4. connector-j.jar — Connector/J, see Section 23.4, “MySQL Connector/J”.

For Connector/MXJ 5.0.3 and earlier, you need the following JAR files:

  1. connector-mxj.jar

  2. aspectjrt.jar — the AspectJ runtime library, located in lib/aspectjrt.jar in the Connector/MXJ package.

  3. connector-j.jar — Connector/J, see Section 23.4, “MySQL Connector/J”.

23.5.2.3. Connector/MXJ Quick Start Guide

Once you have extracted the Connector/MXJ and Connector/J components you can run one of the sample applications that initiates a MySQL instance. You can test the installation by running the ConnectorMXJUrlTestExample:

java ConnectorMXJUrlTestExample
jdbc:mysql:mxj://localhost:3336/test?server.basedir=/var/tmp/test-mxj
[MysqldResource] launching mysqld (getOptions)
[/var/tmp/test-mxj/bin/mysqld][--no-defaults] »
[--pid-file=/var/tmp/test-mxj/data/MysqldResource.pid] » 
[--socket=mysql.sock][--datadir=/var/tmp/test-mxj/data] »
[--port=3336][--basedir=/var/tmp/test-mxj]
[MysqldResource] launching mysqld (driver_launched_mysqld_1)
InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist:
InnoDB: a new database to be created!
060726 15:40:42  InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 10 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
060726 15:40:43  InnoDB: Log file ./ib_logfile0 did not exist: new to be created
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile0 size to 5 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
060726 15:40:43  InnoDB: Log file ./ib_logfile1 did not exist: new to be created
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 5 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables
InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
060726 15:40:44  InnoDB: Started; log sequence number 0 0
060726 15:40:44 [Note] /var/tmp/test-mxj/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.
Version: '5.0.22-max'  socket: 'mysql.sock'  port: 3336  MySQL Community Edition - Experimental (GPL)
[MysqldResource] mysqld running as process: 1210
------------------------

5.0.22-max

------------------------
[MysqldResource] stopping mysqld (process: 1210)
060726 15:40:44 [Note] /var/tmp/test-mxj/bin/mysqld: Normal shutdown

060726 15:40:45  InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
060726 15:40:48  InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 0 43655
060726 15:40:48 [Note] /var/tmp/test-mxj/bin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

[MysqldResource] clearing options
[MysqldResource] shutdown complete

The above output shows an instance of MySQL starting, the necessary files being created (log files, InnoDB data files) and the MySQL database entering the running state. The instance is then shutdown by Connector/MXJ before the example terminates.

23.5.2.4. Deploying Connector/MXJ using Driver Launch

Connector/MXJ and Connector/J work together to enable you to launch an instance of the mysqld server through the use of a keyword in the JDBC connection string. Deploying Connector/MXJ within a Java application can be automated through this method, making the deployment of Connector/MXJ a simple process:

  1. Download and unzip Connector/MXJ, add connector-mxj.jar to the CLASSPATH.

    If you are using Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 or later you will also need to add the connector-mxj-db-files.jar file to your CLASSPATH.

  2. To the JDBC connection string, embed the mxj keyword, for example: jdbc:mysql:mxj://localhost:PORT/DBNAME.

For more details, see Section 23.5.3, “Connector/MXJ Configuration”.

23.5.2.5. Deploying Connector/MXJ within JBoss

For deployment within a JBoss environment, you must configure the JBoss environment to use the Connector/MXJ component within the JDBC parameters:

  1. Download Connector/MXJ and copy the connector-mxj.jar file to the $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/lib directory.

    If you are using Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 or later you will also need to copy the connector-mxj-db-files.jar file to $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/lib.

  2. Download Connector/J and copy the mysql-connector-java-5.0.4-bin.jar file to the $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/lib directory.

  3. Create an MBean service xml file in the $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy directory with any attributes set, for instance the datadir and autostart.

  4. Set the JDBC parameters of your web application to use:

    String driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"; 
    String url = "jdbc:mysql:///test?propertiesTransform="+
                 "com.mysql.management.jmx.ConnectorMXJPropertiesTransform"; 
    String user = "root"; 
    String password = ""; 
    Class.forName(driver);
    Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);

You may wish to create a separate users and database table spaces for each application, rather than using "root and test".

We highly suggest having a routine backup procedure for backing up the database files in the datadir.

23.5.2.6. Verifying Installation using JUnit

The best way to ensure that your platform is supported is to run the JUnit tests. These will test the Connector/MXJ classes and the associated components.

23.5.2.6.1. JUnit Test Requirements

The first thing to do is make sure that the components will work on the platform. The MysqldResource class is really a wrapper for a native version of MySQL, so not all platforms are supported. At the time of this writing, Linux on the i386 architecture has been tested and seems to work quite well, as does OS X v10.3. There has been limited testing on Windows and Solaris.

Requirements:

  1. JDK-1.4 or newer (or the JRE if you aren't going to be compiling the source or JSPs).

  2. MySQL Connector/J version 5.0 or newer (from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/connector/j/) installed and available via your CLASSPATH.

  3. The javax.management classes for JMX version 1.2.1, these are present in the following application servers:

  4. JUnit 3.8.1 (from http://www.junit.org/).

If building from source, All of the requirements from above, plus:

  1. Ant version 1.5 or newer (download from http://ant.apache.org/).

23.5.2.6.2. Running the JUnit Tests
  1. The tests attempt to launch MySQL on the port 3336. If you have a MySQL running, it may conflict, but this isn't very likely because the default port for MySQL is 3306. However, You may set the "c-mxj_test_port" Java property to a port of your choosing. Alternatively, you may wish to start by shutting down any instances of MySQL you have running on the target machine.

    The tests suppress output to the console by default. For verbose output, you may set the "c-mxj_test_silent" Java property to "false".

  2. To run the JUnit test suite, the $CLASSPATH must include the following:

    • JUnit

    • JMX

    • Connector/J

    • MySQL Connector/MXJ

  3. If connector-mxj.jar is not present in your download, unzip MySQL Connector/MXJ source archive.

    cd mysqldjmx
    ant dist

    Then add $TEMP/cmxj/stage/connector-mxj/connector-mxj.jar to the CLASSPATH.

  4. if you have junit, execute the unit tests. From the command line, type:

    java junit.textui.TestRunner com.mysql.management.AllTestsSuite

    The output should look something like this:

    .........................................
    .........................................
    ..........
    Time: 259.438
    
    OK (101 tests)

    Note that the tests are a bit slow near the end, so please be patient.

23.5.3. Connector/MXJ Configuration

23.5.3.1. Running as part of the JDBC Driver

A feature of the MySQL Connector/J JDBC driver is the ability to specify a connection to an embedded Connector/MXJ instance through the use of the mxj keyword in the JDBC connection string.

In the following example, we have a program which creates a connection, executes a query, and prints the result to the System.out. The MySQL database will be deployed and started as part of the connection process, and shutdown as part of the finally block.

You can find this file in the Connector/MXJ package as src/ConnectorMXJUrlTestExample.java.

import java.io.File;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;

import com.mysql.management.driverlaunched.ServerLauncherSocketFactory;

public class ConnectorMXJUrlTestExample {
    public static String DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";

    public static String JAVA_IO_TMPDIR = "java.io.tmpdir";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        File ourAppDir = new File(System.getProperty(JAVA_IO_TMPDIR));
        File databaseDir = new File(ourAppDir, "test-mxj");
        int port = 3336;

        String url = "jdbc:mysql:mxj://localhost:" + port + "/test" + "?"
                + "server.basedir=" + databaseDir;

        System.out.println(url);

        String userName = "root";
        String password = "";

        Class.forName(DRIVER);
        Connection conn = null;
        try {
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, userName, password);
            printQueryResults(conn, "SELECT VERSION()");
        } finally {
            try {
                if (conn != null)
                    conn.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            ServerLauncherSocketFactory.shutdown(databaseDir, null);
        }
    }

    public static void printQueryResults(Connection conn, String SQLquery)
            throws Exception {
        Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
        ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(SQLquery);
        int columns = rs.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
        System.out.println("------------------------");
        System.out.println();
        while (rs.next()) {
            for (int i = 1; i <= columns; i++) {
                System.out.println(rs.getString(i));
            }
            System.out.println();
        }
        rs.close();
        stmt.close();
        System.out.println("------------------------");
        System.out.flush();
        Thread.sleep(100); // wait for System.out to finish flush
    }
}

To run the above program, be sure to have connector-mxj.jar and Connector/J in the CLASSPATH. Then type:

java ConnectorMXJTestExample

23.5.3.2. Running within a Java Object

If you have a java application and wish to “embed” a MySQL database, make use of the com.mysql.management.MysqldResource class directly. This class may be instantiated with the default (no argument) constructor, or by passing in a java.io.File object representing the directory you wish the server to be "unzipped" into. It may also be instantiated with printstreams for "stdout" and "stderr" for logging.

Once instantiated, a java.util.Map, the object will be able to provide a java.util.Map of server options appropriate for the platform and version of MySQL which you will be using.

The MysqldResource enables you to "start" MySQL with a java.util.Map of server options which you provide, as well as "shutdown" the database. The following example shows a simplistic way to embed MySQL in an application using plain java objects.

You can find this file in the Connector/MXJ package as src/ConnectorMXJObjectTestExample.java.

import java.io.File;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import com.mysql.management.MysqldResource;

public class ConnectorMXJObjectTestExample {
    public static String DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";

    public static String JAVA_IO_TMPDIR = "java.io.tmpdir";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        File ourAppDir = new File(System.getProperty(JAVA_IO_TMPDIR));
        File databaseDir = new File(ourAppDir, "mysql-mxj");
        int port = 3336;

        MysqldResource mysqldResource = startDatabase(databaseDir, port);

        String userName = "root";
        String password = "";

        Class.forName(DRIVER);
        Connection conn = null;
        try {
            String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:" + port + "/test";
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, userName, password);
            printQueryResults(conn, "SELECT VERSION()");
        } finally {
            try {
                if (conn != null) {
                    conn.close();
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            try {
                mysqldResource.shutdown();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    public static MysqldResource startDatabase(File databaseDir, int port) {
        MysqldResource mysqldResource = new MysqldResource(databaseDir);

        Map database_options = new HashMap();
        database_options.put("port", Integer.toString(port));
        mysqldResource.start("test-mysqld-thread", database_options);

        if (!mysqldResource.isRunning()) {
            throw new RuntimeException("MySQL did not start.");
        }

        System.out.println("MySQL is running.");

        return mysqldResource;
    }

    public static void printQueryResults(Connection conn, String SQLquery)
            throws Exception {
        Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
        ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(SQLquery);
        int columns = rs.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
        System.out.println("------------------------");
        System.out.println();
        while (rs.next()) {
            for (int i = 1; i <= columns; i++) {
                System.out.println(rs.getString(i));
            }
            System.out.println();
        }
        rs.close();
        stmt.close();
        System.out.println("------------------------");
        System.out.flush();
        Thread.sleep(100); // wait for System.out to finish flush
    }
}

23.5.3.3. Setting server options

Of course there are many options we may wish to set for a MySQL database. These options may be specified as part of the JDBC connection string simply by prefixing each server option with ''server.''. In the following example we set two driver parameters and two server parameters:

        String url = "jdbc:mysql://" + hostColonPort + "/" 
                + "?"
                + "cacheServerConfiguration=true"
                + "&"
                + "useLocalSessionState=true"
                + "&"
                + "server.basedir=/opt/myapp/db"
                + "&"
                + "server.datadir=/mnt/bigdisk/myapp/data";

23.5.4. Connector/MXJ Reference

23.5.4.1. MysqldResource API

23.5.4.1.1. MysqldResource Constructors

The MysqldResource class supports three different constructor forms:

  • public MysqldResource(File baseDir, File dataDir, String mysqlVersionString, PrintStream out, PrintStream err, Utils util)

    The most detailed constructor, enables you to set the base directory, data directory, select a server by its version string, standard out and standard error and MySQL utilities class.

  • public MysqldResource(File baseDir, File dataDir, String mysqlVersionString, PrintStream out, PrintStream err)

    Enables you to set the base directory, data directory, select a server by its version string, standard out and standard error.

  • public MysqldResource(File baseDir, File dataDir, String mysqlVersionString)

    Enables you to set the base directory, data directory and select a server by its version string. Output for standard out and standard err are directed to System.out and System.err.

  • public MysqldResource(File baseDir, File dataDir)

    Enables you to set the base directory and data directory. The default MySQL version is selected, and output for standard out and standard err are directed to System.out and System.err.

  • public MysqldResource(File baseDir);

    Allows the setting of the "basedir" to deploy the MySQL files to. Output for standard out and standard err are directed to System.out and System.err.

  • public MysqldResource();

    The basedir is defaulted to a subdirectory of the java.io.tempdir. Output for standard out and standard err are directed to System.out and System.err;

23.5.4.1.2. MysqldResource Methods

MysqldResource API includes the following methods:

  • void start(String threadName, Map mysqldArgs);

    Deploys and starts MySQL. The "threadName" string is used to name the thread which actually performs the execution of the MySQL command line. The map is the set of arguments and their values to be passed to the command line.

  • void shutdown();

    Shuts down the MySQL instance managed by the MysqldResource object.

  • Map getServerOptions();

    Returns a map of all the options and their current (or default, if not running) options available for the MySQL database.

  • boolean isRunning();

    Returns true if the MySQL database is running.

  • boolean isReadyForConnections();

    Returns true once the database reports that is ready for connections.

  • void setKillDelay(int millis);

    The default “Kill Delay” is 30 seconds. This represents the amount of time to wait between the initial request to shutdown and issuing a “force kill” if the database has not shutdown by itself.

  • void addCompletionListenser(Runnable listener);

    Allows for applications to be notified when the server process completes. Each ''listener'' will be fired off in its own thread.

  • String getVersion();

    Returns the version of MySQL.

  • void setVersion(int MajorVersion, int minorVersion, int patchLevel);

    The standard distribution comes with only one version of MySQL packaged. However, it is possible to package multiple versions, and specify which version to use.

23.5.5. Connector/MXJ Notes and Tips

This section contains notes and tips on using the Connector/MXJ component within your applications.

23.5.5.1. Creating your own Connector/MXJ Package

If you want to create a custom Connector/MXJ package that includes a specific mysqld version or platform then you must extract and rebuild the connector-mxj.jar (Connector/MXJ v5.0.3 or earlier) or connector-mxj-db-files.jar (Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 or later) file.

First, you should create a new directory into which you can extract the current connector-mxj.jar:

shell> mkdir custom-mxj
shell> cd custom-mxj
shell> jar -xf connector-mxj.jar
shell> ls
5-0-22/
ConnectorMXJObjectTestExample.class
ConnectorMXJUrlTestExample.class
META-INF/
TestDb.class
com/
kill.exe

If you are using Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 or later, you should unpack the connector-mxj-db-files.jar:

shell> mkdir custom-mxj
shell> cd custom-mxj
shell> jar -xf connector-mxj-db-files.jar
shell> ls
5-0-27/                         
META-INF/                       
connector-mxj.properties

The MySQL version directory, 5-0-22 or 5-0-27 in the preceding examples, contains all of the files used to create an instance of MySQL when Connector/MXJ is executed. All of the files in this directory are required for each version of MySQL that you want to embed. Note as well the format of the version number, which uses hyphens instead of periods to separate the version number components.

Within the version specific directory are the platform specific directories, and archives of the data and share directory required by MySQL for the various platforms. For example, here is the listing for the default Connector/MXJ package:

shell>> ls
Linux-i386/
META-INF/
Mac_OS_X-ppc/
SunOS-sparc/
Win-x86/
com/
data_dir.jar
share_dir.jar
win_share_dir.jar

Platform specific directories are listed by their OS and platform - for example the mysqld for Mac OS X PowerPC is located within the Mac_OS_X-ppc directory. You can delete directories from this location that you do not require, and add new directories for additional platforms that you want to support.

To add a platform specific mysqld, create a new directory with the corresponding name for your operating system/platform. For example, you could add a directory for Mac OS X/Intel using the directory Mac_OS_X-i386.

On Unix systems, you can determine the platform using uname:

shell> uname -p
i386

Now you need to download or compile mysqld for the MySQL version and platform you want to include in your custom connector-mxj.jar package into the new directory.

Create a file called version.txt in the OS/platform directory you have just created that contains the version string/path of the mysqld binary. For example:

mysql-5.0.22-osx10.3-i386/bin/mysqld

You can now recreate the connector-mxj.jar file with the added mysqld:

shell> cd custom-mxj
shell> jar -cf ../connector-mxj.jar *

For Connector/MXJ v5.0.4 and later, you should repackage to the connector-mxj-db-files.jar:

shell> cd custom-mxj
shell> jar -cf ../connector-mxj-db-files.jar *

You should test this package using the steps outlined in Section 23.5.2.3, “Connector/MXJ Quick Start Guide”.

Note

Because the connector-mxj-db-files.jar file is separate from the main Connector/MXJ classes you can distribute different connector-mxj-db-files.jar files to different hotsts or for different projects without having to create a completely new main connector-mxj.jar file for each one.

23.5.5.2. Deploying Connector/MXJ with a pre-configured database

To include a pre-configured/populated database within your Connector/MXJ JAR file you must create a custom data_dir.jar file, as included within the main connector-mxj.jar (Connector/MXJ 5.0.3 or earlier) or connector-mxj-db-files.jar (Connector/MXJ 5.0.4 or later) file:

  1. First extract the connector-mxj.jar file, as outlined in the previous section (see Section 23.5.5.1, “Creating your own Connector/MXJ Package”).

  2. First, create your database and populate the database with the information you require in an existing instance of MySQL - including Connector/MXJ instances. Data file formats are compatible across platforms.

  3. Shutdown the instance of MySQL.

  4. Create a JAR file of the data directory and databases that you want to include your Connector/MXJ package. You should include the mysql database, which includes user authentication information, in addition to the specific databases you want to include. For example, to create a JAR of the mysql and mxjtest databases:

    shell> jar -cf ../data_dir.jar mysql mxjtest
  5. For Connector/MXJ 5.0.3 or earlier, copy the data_dir.jar file into the extracted connector-mxj.jar directory, and then create an archive for connector-mxj.jar.

    For Connector/MXJ 5.0.4 or later, copy the data_dir.jar file into the extracted connector-mxj-db-files.jar directory, and then create an archive for connector-mxj-db-files.jar.

Note that if you are create databases using the InnoDB engine, you must include the ibdata.* and ib_logfile* files within the data_dir.jar archive.

23.5.5.3. Running within a JMX Agent (custom)

As a JMX MBean, MySQL Connector/MXJ requires a JMX v1.2 compliant MBean container, such as JBoss version 4. The MBean will uses the standard JMX management APIs to present (and allow the setting of) parameters which are appropriate for that platform.

If you are not using the SUN Reference implementation of the JMX libraries, you should skip this section. Or, if you are deploying to JBoss, you also may wish to skip to the next section.

We want to see the MysqldDynamicMBean in action inside of a JMX agent. In the com.mysql.management.jmx.sunri package is a custom JMX agent with two MBeans:

  1. the MysqldDynamicMBean, and

  2. a com.sun.jdmk.comm.HtmlAdaptorServer, which provides a web interface for manipulating the beans inside of a JMX agent.

When this very simple agent is started, it will allow a MySQL database to be started and stopped with a web browser.

  1. Complete the testing of the platform as above.

    • current JDK, JUnit, Connector/J, MySQL Connector/MXJ

    • this section requires the SUN reference implementation of JMX

    • PATH, JAVA_HOME, ANT_HOME, CLASSPATH

  2. If not building from source, skip to next step

    rebuild with the "sunri.present"

    ant -Dsunri.present=true dist 
    re-run tests:
    java junit.textui.TestRunner com.mysql.management.AllTestsSuite
  3. launch the test agent from the command line:

    java com.mysql.management.jmx.sunri.MysqldTestAgentSunHtmlAdaptor &
  4. from a browser:

    http://localhost:9092/
  5. under MysqldAgent,

    select "name=mysqld"
  6. Observe the MBean View

  7. scroll to the bottom of the screen press the startMysqld button

  8. click Back to MBean View

  9. scroll to the bottom of the screen press stopMysqld button

  10. kill the java process running the Test Agent (jmx server)

23.5.5.4. Deployment in a standard JMX Agent environment (JBoss)

Once there is confidence that the MBean will function on the platform, deploying the MBean inside of a standard JMX Agent is the next step. Included are instructions for deploying to JBoss.

  1. Ensure a current version of java development kit (v1.4.x), see above.

    • Ensure JAVA_HOME is set (JBoss requires JAVA_HOME)

    • Ensure JAVA_HOME/bin is in the PATH (You will NOT need to set your CLASSPATH, nor will you need any of the jars used in the previous tests).

  2. Ensure a current version of JBoss (v4.0RC1 or better)

    http://www.jboss.org/index.html
    select "Downloads"
    select "jboss-4.0.zip"
    pick a mirror
    unzip ~/dload/jboss-4.0.zip
    create a JBOSS_HOME environment variable set to the unzipped directory
    unix only:
    cd $JBOSS_HOME/bin
    chmod +x *.sh
  3. Deploy (copy) the connector-mxj.jar to $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/lib.

  4. Deploy (copy) mysql-connector-java-3.1.4-beta-bin.jar to $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/lib.

  5. Create a mxjtest.war directory in $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy.

  6. Deploy (copy) index.jsp to $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy/mxjtest.war.

  7. Create a mysqld-service.xml file in $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
     <server>
      <mbean code="com.mysql.management.jmx.jboss.JBossMysqldDynamicMBean"
         name="mysql:type=service,name=mysqld">
      <attribute name="datadir">/tmp/xxx_data_xxx</attribute>
      <attribute name="autostart">true</attribute>
      </mbean>
     </server>
  8. Start jboss:

    • on unix: $JBOSS_HOME/bin/run.sh

    • on windows: %JBOSS_HOME%\bin\run.bat

    Be ready: JBoss sends a lot of output to the screen.

  9. When JBoss seems to have stopped sending output to the screen, open a web browser to: http://localhost:8080/jmx-console

  10. Scroll down to the bottom of the page in the mysql section, select the bulleted mysqld link.

  11. Observe the JMX MBean View page. MySQL should already be running.

  12. (If "autostart=true" was set, you may skip this step.) Scroll to the bottom of the screen. You may press the Invoke button to stop (or start) MySQL observe Operation completed successfully without a return value. Click Back to MBean View

  13. To confirm MySQL is running, open a web browser to http://localhost:8080/mxjtest/ and you should see that

    SELECT 1

    returned with a result of

    1
  14. Guided by the $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy/mxjtest.war/index.jsp you will be able to use MySQL in your Web Application. There is a test database and a root user (no password) ready to experiment with. Try creating a table, inserting some rows, and doing some selects.

  15. Shut down MySQL. MySQL will be stopped automatically when JBoss is stopped, or: from the browser, scroll down to the bottom of the MBean View press the stop service Invoke button to halt the service. Observe Operation completed successfully without a return value. Using ps or task manager see that MySQL is no longer running

As of 1.0.6-beta version is the ability to have the MBean start the MySQL database upon start up. Also, we've taken advantage of the JBoss life-cycle extension methods so that the database will gracefully shut down when JBoss is shutdown.

23.5.6. Connector/MXJ Support

There are a wide variety of options available for obtaining support for using Connector/MXJ. You should contact the Connector/MXJ community for help before reporting a potential bug or problem. See Section 23.5.6.1, “Connector/MXJ Community Support”.

23.5.6.1. Connector/MXJ Community Support

MySQL AB provides assistance to the user community by means of a number of mailing lists and web based forums.

You can find help and support through the MySQL and Java mailing list.

For information about subscribing to MySQL mailing lists or to browse list archives, visit http://lists.mysql.com/. See Section 1.7.1, “MySQL Mailing Lists”.

Community support from experienced users is also available through the MyODBC Forum. You may also find help from other users in the other MySQL Forums, located at http://forums.mysql.com. See Section 1.7.2, “MySQL Community Support at the MySQL Forums”.

23.5.6.2. How to Report Connector/MXJ Problems

If you encounter difficulties or problems with Connector/MXJ, contact the Connector/MXJ community Section 23.5.6.1, “Connector/MXJ Community Support”.

If reporting a problem, you should ideally include the following information with the email:

  • Operating system and version

  • Connector/MXJ version

  • MySQL server version

  • Copies of error messages or other unexpected output

  • Simple reproducible sample

Remember that the more information you can supply to us, the more likely it is that we can fix the problem.

If you believe the problem to be a bug, then you must report the bug through http://bugs.mysql.com/.

23.5.6.3. Connector/MXJ Change History

The Connector/MXJ Change History (Changelog) is located with the main Changelog for MySQL. See Section E.7, “MySQL Connector/MXJ Change History”.

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