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Set an attribute ()

  bool setAttribute(int attribute,
                    mixed value);


Sets an attribute on the database handle. Some of the available generic attributes are listed below; some drivers may make use of additional driver specific attributes.

  • PDO::ATTR_CASE: Force column names to a specific case.

    • PDO::CASE_LOWER: Force column names to lower case.

    • PDO::CASE_NATURAL: Leave column names as returned by the database driver.

    • PDO::CASE_UPPER: Force column names to upper case.

  • PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE: Error reporting.

    • PDO::ERRMODE_SILENT: Just set error codes.


    • PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION: Throw exceptions.

  • PDO::ATTR_ORACLE_NULLS (available with all drivers, not just Oracle): Conversion of NULL and empty strings.

    • PDO::NULL_NATURAL: No conversion.

    • PDO::NULL_EMPTY_STRING: Empty string is converted to NULL.

    • PDO::NULL_TO_STRING: NULL is converted to an empty string.

  • PDO::ATTR_STRINGIFY_FETCHES: Convert numeric values to strings when fetching. Requires bool.

  • PDO::ATTR_STATEMENT_CLASS: Set user-supplied statement class derived from PDOStatement. Cannot be used with persistent PDO instances. Requires array(string classname, array(mixed constructor_args)).

  • PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT (available in OCI, Firebird and MySQL): Whether to autocommit every single statement.

  • PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_USE_BUFFERED_QUERY (available in MySQL): Use buffered queries.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.