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mysqli_real_escape_string

Escapes special characters in a string for use in a SQL statement, taking into account the current charset of the connection (PHP 5)
string mysqli_real_escape_string ( mysqli link, string escapestr )

Procedural style:

Object oriented style (both methods are equivalent):

mysqli {
  string escape_string(string escapestr);
  string real_escape_string(string escapestr);
}

This function is used to create a legal SQL string that you can use in an SQL statement. The given string is encoded to an escaped SQL string, taking into account the current character set of the connection.

Parameters

link

Procedural style only: A link identifier returned by mysqli_connect() or mysqli_init()

escapestr

The string to be escaped.

Characters encoded are NUL (ASCII 0), \n, \r, \, ', ", and Control-Z.

Return Values

Returns an escaped string.

Examples

Example 1541. Object oriented style

<?php
$mysqli
= new mysqli("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
   
printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
   exit();
}

$mysqli->query("CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE myCity LIKE City");

$city = "'s Hertogenbosch";

/* this query will fail, cause we didn't escape $city */
if (!$mysqli->query("INSERT into myCity (Name) VALUES ('$city')")) {
   
printf("Error: %s\n", $mysqli->sqlstate);
}

$city = $mysqli->real_escape_string($city);

/* this query with escaped $city will work */
if ($mysqli->query("INSERT into myCity (Name) VALUES ('$city')")) {
   
printf("%d Row inserted.\n", $mysqli->affected_rows);
}

$mysqli->close();
?>


Example 1542. Procedural style

<?php
$link
= mysqli_connect("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
   
printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
   exit();
}

mysqli_query($link, "CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE myCity LIKE City");

$city = "'s Hertogenbosch";

/* this query will fail, cause we didn't escape $city */
if (!mysqli_query($link, "INSERT into myCity (Name) VALUES ('$city')")) {
   
printf("Error: %s\n", mysqli_sqlstate($link));
}

$city = mysqli_real_escape_string($link, $city);

/* this query with escaped $city will work */
if (mysqli_query($link, "INSERT into myCity (Name) VALUES ('$city')")) {
   
printf("%d Row inserted.\n", mysqli_affected_rows($link));
}

mysqli_close($link);
?>


The above example will output:

Error: 42000
1 Row inserted.