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imap_open

Open an IMAP stream to a mailbox (PHP 4, PHP 5)
resource imap_open ( string mailbox, string username, string password [, int options [, int n_retries]] )

Opens an IMAP stream to a mailbox.

This function can also be used to open streams to POP3 and NNTP servers, but some functions and features are only available on IMAP servers.

Parameters

mailbox

A mailbox name consists of a server and a mailbox path on this server. The special name INBOX stands for the current users personal mailbox. Mailbox names that contain international characters besides those in the printable ASCII space have to be encoded width imap_utf7_encode().

The server part, which is enclosed in '{' and '}', consists of the servers name or ip address, an optional port (prefixed by ':'), and an optional protocol specification (prefixed by '/').

The server part is mandatory in all mailbox parameters.

All names which start with { are remote names, and are in the form "{" remote_system_name [":" port] [flags] "}" [mailbox_name] where:

  • remote_system_name - Internet domain name or bracketed IP address of server.
  • port - optional TCP port number, default is the default port for that service
  • flags - optional flags, see following table.
  • mailbox_name - remote mailbox name, default is INBOX

Table 149. Optional flags for names

FlagDescription
/service=servicemailbox access service, default is "imap"
/user=userremote user name for login on the server
/authuser=userremote authentication user; if specified this is the user name whose password is used (e.g. administrator)
/anonymousremote access as anonymous user
/debugrecord protocol telemetry in application's debug log
/securedo not transmit a plaintext password over the network
/imap, /imap2, /imap2bis, /imap4, /imap4rev1equivalent to /service=imap
/pop3equivalent to /service=pop3
/nntpequivalent to /service=nntp
/norshdo not use rsh or ssh to establish a preauthenticated IMAP session
/ssluse the Secure Socket Layer to encrypt the session
/validate-certvalidate certificates from TLS/SSL server (this is the default behavior)
/novalidate-certdo not validate certificates from TLS/SSL server, needed if server uses self-signed certificates
/tlsforce use of start-TLS to encrypt the session, and reject connection to servers that do not support it
/notlsdo not do start-TLS to encrypt the session, even with servers that support it
/readonlyrequest read-only mailbox open (IMAP only; ignored on NNTP, and an error with SMTP and POP3)


username

The user name

password

The password associated with the username

options

The options are a bit mask with one or more of the following:

  • OP_READONLY - Open mailbox read-only
  • OP_ANONYMOUS - Don't use or update a .newsrc for news (NNTP only)
  • OP_HALFOPEN - For IMAP and NNTP names, open a connection but don't open a mailbox.
  • CL_EXPUNGE - Expunge mailbox automatically upon mailbox close (see also imap_delete() and imap_expunge())
  • OP_DEBUG - Debug protocol negotiations
  • OP_SHORTCACHE - Short (elt-only) caching
  • OP_SILENT - Don't pass up events (internal use)
  • OP_PROTOTYPE - Return driver prototype
  • OP_SECURE - Don't do non-secure authentication
n_retries

Number of maximum connect attempts

Return Values

Returns an IMAP stream on success or FALSE on error.

ChangeLog

VersionDescription
5.2.0n_retries added

Examples

Example 1057. Different use of imap_open()

<?php
// To connect to an IMAP server running on port 143 on the local machine,
// do the following:
$mbox = imap_open("{localhost:143}INBOX", "user_id", "password");

// To connect to a POP3 server on port 110 on the local server, use:
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:110/pop3}INBOX", "user_id", "password");

// To connect to an SSL IMAP or POP3 server, add /ssl after the protocol
// specification:
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:993/imap/ssl}INBOX", "user_id", "password");

// To connect to an SSL IMAP or POP3 server with a self-signed certificate,
// add /ssl/novalidate-cert after the protocol specification:
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:995/pop3/ssl/novalidate-cert}", "user_id", "password");

// To connect to an NNTP server on port 119 on the local server, use:
$nntp = imap_open ("{localhost:119/nntp}comp.test", "", "");
// To connect to a remote server replace "localhost" with the name or the
// IP address of the server you want to connect to.
?>


Example 1058. imap_open() example

<?php
$mbox
= imap_open("{imap.example.org:143}", "username", "password");

echo
"<h1>Mailboxes</h1>\n";
$folders = imap_listmailbox($mbox, "{imap.example.org:143}", "*");

if (
$folders == false) {
   echo
"Call failed<br />\n";
} else {
   foreach (
$folders as $val) {
       echo
$val . "<br />\n";
   }
}

echo
"<h1>Headers in INBOX</h1>\n";
$headers = imap_headers($mbox);

if (
$headers == false) {
   echo
"Call failed<br />\n";
} else {
   foreach (
$headers as $val) {
       echo
$val . "<br />\n";
   }
}

imap_close($mbox);
?>


See Also
imap_close()