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posix_getpwnam

Return info about a user by username (PHP 4, PHP 5)
array posix_getpwnam ( string username )

Returns an array of information about the given user.

Parameters

username

An alphanumeric username.

Return Values

The array elements returned are:

Table 266. The user information array

ElementDescription
name The name element contains the username of the user. This is a short, usually less than 16 character "handle" of the user, not the real, full name. This should be the same as the username parameter used when calling the function, and hence redundant.
passwd The passwd element contains the user's password in an encrypted format. Often, for example on a system employing "shadow" passwords, an asterisk is returned instead.
uid User ID of the user in numeric form.
gid The group ID of the user. Use the function posix_getgrgid() to resolve the group name and a list of its members.
gecos GECOS is an obsolete term that refers to the finger information field on a Honeywell batch processing system. The field, however, lives on, and its contents have been formalized by POSIX. The field contains a comma separated list containing the user's full name, office phone, office number, and home phone number. On most systems, only the user's full name is available.
dir This element contains the absolute path to the home directory of the user.
shell The shell element contains the absolute path to the executable of the user's default shell.


Examples

Example 1878. Example use of posix_getpwnam()

<?php

$userinfo
= posix_getpwnam("tom");

print_r($userinfo);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Array
(
   [name]    => tom
   [passwd]  => x
   [uid]     => 10000
   [gid]     => 42
   [geocs]   => "tom,,,"
   [dir]     => "/home/tom"
   [shell]   => "/bin/bash"
)


See Also
posix_getpwuid()
POSIX man page GETPWNAM(3)