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Receives data from a socket whether or not it is connection-oriented (PHP 4 >= 4.0.7, PHP 5)
int socket_recvfrom ( resource socket, string &buf, int len, int flags, string &name [, int &port] )

The socket_recvfrom() function receives len bytes of data in buf from name on port port (if the socket is not of type AF_UNIX) using socket. socket_recvfrom() can be used to gather data from both connected and unconnected sockets. Additionally, one or more flags can be specified to modify the behaviour of the function.

The name and port must be passed by reference. If the socket is not connection-oriented, name will be set to the internet protocol address of the remote host or the path to the UNIX socket. If the socket is connection-oriented, name is NULL. Additionally, the port will contain the port of the remote host in the case of an unconnected AF_INET or AF_INET6 socket.



The socket must be a socket resource previously created by socket_create().


The data received will be fetched to the variable specified with buf.


Up to len bytes will be fetched from remote host.


The value of flags can be any combination of the following flags, joined with the binary OR (|) operator.

Table 297. Possible values for flags

MSG_OOB Process out-of-band data.
MSG_PEEK Receive data from the beginning of the receive queue without removing it from the queue.
MSG_WAITALL Block until at least len are received. However, if a signal is caught or the remote host disconnects, the function may return less data.
MSG_DONTWAIT With this flag set, the function returns even if it would normally have blocked.


If the socket is of the type AF_UNIX type, name is the path to the file. Else, for unconnected sockets, name is the IP address of, the remote host, or NULL if the socket is connection-oriented.


This argument only applies to AF_INET and AF_INET6 sockets, and specifies the remote port from which the data is received. If the socket is connection-oriented, port will be NULL.

Return Values

socket_recvfrom() returns the number of bytes received, or -1 if there was an error. The actual error code can be retrieved by calling socket_last_error(). This error code may be passed to socket_strerror() to get a textual explanation of the error.


Example 2296. socket_recvfrom() example


$socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, SOL_UDP);
socket_bind($socket, '', 1223);

$from = "";
$port = 0;
socket_recvfrom($socket, $buf, 12, 0, $from, $port);

"Received $buf from remote address $from and remote port $port" . PHP_EOL;

This example will initiate an UDP socket on port 1223 of and print at most 12 characters received from a remote host.


4.3.0 socket_recvfrom() is now binary safe.