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syslog

Generate a system log message (PHP 4, PHP 5)
bool syslog ( int priority, string message )

syslog() generates a log message that will be distributed by the system logger.

For information on setting up a user defined log handler, see the syslog.conf(5) Unix manual page. More information on the syslog facilities and option can be found in the man pages for syslog(3) on Unix machines.

Parameters

priority

priority is a combination of the facility and the level. Possible values are:

Table 207. syslog() Priorities (in descending order)

ConstantDescription
LOG_EMERGsystem is unusable
LOG_ALERTaction must be taken immediately
LOG_CRITcritical conditions
LOG_ERRerror conditions
LOG_WARNINGwarning conditions
LOG_NOTICEnormal, but significant, condition
LOG_INFOinformational message
LOG_DEBUGdebug-level message


message

The message to send, except that the two characters %m will be replaced by the error message string (strerror) corresponding to the present value of errno.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example 1612. Using syslog()

<?php
define_syslog_variables
();
// open syslog, include the process ID and also send
// the log to standard error, and use a user defined
// logging mechanism
openlog("myScriptLog", LOG_PID | LOG_PERROR, LOG_LOCAL0);

// some code

if (authorized_client()) {
   
// do something
} else {
   
// unauthorized client!
   // log the attempt
   
$access = date("Y/m/d H:i:s");
   
syslog(LOG_WARNING, "Unauthorized client: $access {$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']} ({$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']})");
}

closelog();
?>


Notes

On Windows NT, the syslog service is emulated using the Event Log.

Note:

Use of LOG_LOCAL0 through LOG_LOCAL7 for the facility parameter of openlog() is not available in Windows.